Life and Work

frankl 1994

Viktor E. Frankl, M.D., Ph.D.
Neurologist and psychiatrist
Founder of Logotherapy and Existential Analysis


BORN: March 26, 1905, Vienna
DIED: September 2, 1997, Vienna ACADEMIC TITLES: M.D. (1930), Ph.D. (1949), Dr.h.c.mult. FAMILY: First marriage (1941) with Tilly, b. Grosser (died in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen 1945)
Second marriage (1947) with Eleonore, b. Schwindt
Daughter Gabriele; 2 grandchildren, Katharina and Alexander
3 great-grandchildren, Anna, Paul, and Elena



Viktor Emil Frankl, M.D., Ph.D. was Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Vienna Medical School.

1940-42 Frankl was director of the Neurological Department of the Rothschild Hospital.

During World War II he spent 3 years in various concentration camps, including Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, and Dachau.

1946-70 he was director of the Vienna Neurological Policlinic.

He was Visiting Professor at Harvard and at universities in Pittsburgh, San Diego and Dallas. The U.S. International University in California installed a special chair for logotherapy – this is the psychotherapeutic school founded by Frankl, often called the "Third Viennese School" (after Freud's psychoanalysis and Adler's individual psychology.) He received 29 honorary doctorates from universities in all parts of the world.

The American Psychiatric Association bestowed upon him the Oskar Pfister Award.

Frankl authored 40 books which to date (2017) have been published in 50 languages. His last two books are "Man's Search for Ultimate Meaning" and "Viktor Frankl – Recollections", both published in 1997. Up to 1997 the book "Man's Search for Meaning" had sold over nine million copies in the USA alone. According to a survey conducted by the Library of Congress and the Book-of-the-Month Club it belongs to "the ten most influential books in America." (New York Times, November 20, 1991). And the readers of Japan's "Yomiuri Shimbun" newspaper voted for "Man's Search for Meaning as "one of the ten books to be passed to the twenty-first century" (Yomiuri Shimbun, Tokyo, 2000/11/30)


The literature on Logotherapy has grown to such an extent that a complete bibliography is impossible. A list of publications on Logotherapy and Existential Analysis may be accessed here:

Frankl held lectures at 209 universities on all 5 continents.

According to the American Journal of Psychiatry, his work is "perhaps the most significant thinking since Freud and Adler."

Viktor Frankl was appointed Honorary Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

Frankl held the Solo Flight Certificate and the Mountain Guide badge of the Alpine Club "Donauland". Three difficult climbing trails (on the Rax and Peilstein mountains) were named after him.

In 1995 Frankl received the Honorary Citizenship of his native city Vienna.





  1. Loyola University, Chicago (1970)
  2. Edgecliffe College, Cincinnati (1970)
  3. Rockford College, Illinois (1972)
  4. Mount Mary College, Wisconsin (1984)
  5. Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (1984)
  6. Universidad Andres Bello, Caracas (1984)
  7. University of South Africa (1984)
  8. Universidad del Salvador, Buenos Aires (1985)
  9. Universidad Catolica Argentina, Buenos Aires (1985)
  10. Universidad de Buenos Aires (1985)
  11. Universidad Francisco Marroquin, Guatemala (1985)
  12. University of Vienna (1986)
  13. Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Argentina (1986)
  14. Universidad Nacional de Entre Rios, Argentina (1986)
  15. Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Argentina (1986)
  16. Universidad del Aconcagua, Argentina (1986)
  17. Universidade de Brasilia (1988)
  18. University of Haifa, Israel (1988)
  19. International Academy for Philosophy in Liechtenstein (1989)
  20. University of Kopenhagen (1989)
  21. University of Pretoria, South Africa (1990)
  22. Universidad Gabriela Mistral, Santiago de Chile (1991)
  23. University of Santa Clara, California (1991)
  24. University of Ljubljana, Slovenia (1992)
  25. University of Prague (1994)
  26. University of Lublin, Poland (1994)
  27. University of Salzburg (1994)
  28. Semmelweis-University Budapest (1996)
  29. Ohio State University, Columbus (1997)